Freud begins the analysis of the eighteen-year-old Dora.
Dora and Otto Bauer
The eight-year-old Dora with her brother Otto Bauer
The hoped-for recognition of The Interpretation of Dreams by his scientific colleagues fails to materialize, so that he describes his situation as one of "splendid isolation". As an example of the ignorance of the specialists Freud describes in his "Autobiographical Study" the behaviour of a Viennese colleague who publishes a very negative criticism of the book without ever having read it. "He had been advised, the critic later explained, not to read the book, the Viennese doctors having supposedly informed him that 'it was not worth the effort'."
Freud publishes The Psychopathology of Everyday Life in which he demonstrates his thesis of the determinism of mental events through a series of examples of failed speech and actions, which reveal their hidden meaning. The title and motto he chooses for this work show that psychoanalysis is no longer bound to pathology alone: "Now is the air so full of ghosts, that no one knows how to escape them."
At the request of a publisher he condenses the most essential conclusions of The Interpretation of Dreams in a popular booklet On Dreams. In the same year he fulfils his long- cherished wish to travel to Rome and sees for the first time Michelangelo's Moses statue.
Michelangelo's Moses
Michelangelo's Moses, a postcard in Freud's possession