|Acquisition of the Rosenfeld Papers and Collections|
Freud Museum has been able to acquire the papers and collections of Eva
Rosenfeld, including important materials such as books, documentation and
pictures. These collections are of great significance for scientific and
cultural history because Eva Rosenfeld was a central figure in Viennese
psychoanalysis and because of her widespread familiar and social contacts
in the literary and artistic worlds.
Eva Rosenfeld (1892-1977), who came from a family having roots in Brno and Berlin, was a close confidant of Anna Freud, with whom she, together with Dorothy Burlingham, founded a school in 1927 in Viennas Wattmanngasse 11. This private school, the so-called Hietzinger Schule, was one of the first Viennese institutions in which children received project teaching and were cared for by analytically trained teachers. The letters exchanged by Eva Rosenfeld and Anna Freud, which are part of the Museums new acquisition, derive from this period. They cover not only the private relationship between the two, but also include important contributions to the history of psychoanalytic pedagogy. A photo album kept by Eva Rosenfeld shows images of the school from 1928, including the dining hall in Wattmanngasse, which was built after a design by Adolf Loos.
Among the collections 289 pieces (bundles of correspondence were counted as one piece), the inventory of documents carrying the autograph of Sigmund Freud is of special interest. It includes letters from him to Eva Rosenfeld and to her mother Rose as well as to Yvette Guilbert, Eva Rosenfelds aunt. When Freud was working with Jean-Martin Charcot in 1885, he encountered the young singer Yvette Guilbert, star of the Parisian varietés, in the Paris music halls. The collection includes a bundle of Freuds correspondence with her as well as rare original photographs.
Furthermore, the collection contains numerous documents concerning the Rosenfeld familys relationship to the film and theater worlds. Among other things it includes a photo documentary of Lilli Palmers (the sister of Rosenfelds daughter-in-law Hilde Palmer) first film works and correspondence with Noël Coward, Alec Guinness, Laurence Olivier and Gerhart Hauptmann as well as writings from Marlene Dietrich and dedicated copies of her works. Rosenfelds parents generation was already very involved in the theater. Theodor and Carl Rosenfeld were among the cofounders of the Freie Bühne in Berlin, and as a result the Rosenfelds library contained numerous works with dedications from authors and actors. Eva Rosenfeld emigrated to London, where she again came into contact with Oskar Kokoschka, who she had already met in Vienna during the first World War. He is represented by correspondence and by a very rare lithograph carrying his signature and a dedication.
Eva Rosenfelds husband and cousin, Valentin Rosenfeld, was a respected Viennese lawyer, whose extensive library was confiscated in Vienna in 1938. He was a leading functionary of the athletic association Hakoah and edited the organizations publications in Vienna and in London exile. Valentin Rosenfeld was a passionate autograph collector, specializing in Goethe and Richard Wagner. The collection includes many works from his library. All contents are processed and accessible via padd.